Generally speaking, literature is a way of sharing imaginative experiences, of bringing something that has happened in the imagination of one man or woman within the reach of other men and women. This is accomplished by expressing these emotional and imaginative experiences through verse or prose. Thus imagination is all important in a literary work. On writing a poem, a play, or a novel, the literary author does not aim at stating a fact; he simply communicates to us an imaginative and emotional experience of his, trying to make us feel and imagine rather than know or learn. Here is the difference between the scientist's way and the poet's way of looking at things. Le us take one example to illustrate this distinction. If the writer tells his wife " Let us part quietly without crying or showing any signs of emotion before the common people". This statement takes a different turn when the poet John Donne tells his wife in the Valediction Forbidding Mourning: So let us melt, and make no noise, No tear-floods, nor sigh-tempests move, Twere profanation of our joys, To tell the laity our love. Literature is, to a great extent, a mirror of society. A literary work reflects the social conditions of the time: its habits, its modes of thought, its culture, and its history. So, a thorough understanding of a literary work requires a study of the intellectual background of the period under study. If one rads a play written in the Jacobean age, certainly it reflects some aspects of the period. Conversely, a study of the age throws some light on the literary work, be it a poem, play, or song. Hence, a student of literature should not overlook this intimate nexus between literature and society.